That morning, the situation in Srebrenica was tense as mortar and artillery rounds landed throughout the town beginning at 8 a.m. Mladić and Janvier spoke at 10:25 a.m.; Janvier demanded that Mladić completely stop the Bosnian Serb offensive, and Mladić replied that the attack was a response to the Bosnian Muslim incursions outside the enclave. By 1 p.m., Mladić had ordered the Bosnian Serb Forces to press further forward. The Main Staff redeployed unit sassigned elsewhere to the Srebrenica front. Additionally, a part of RS MUP forces deployed on the Sarajevo front, including the 2nd Šekovići Detachment and a company of the Jahorina Recruits, was detached and sent as an independent unit to the Srebrenica sector under the command of Ljubiša Borovčanin, the Deputy Commander of the SBP.
In the interim, the population of “the upper part” of Srebrenica had withdrawn to the area near the clinic, which sustained two direct hits from 155 mm artillery shells around 1 p.m. Approximately 50 shells landed during the following hour, and the UNMOs observed rockets flying over Potočari toward Srebrenica town. Around 4 p.m., the town came under even heavier shelling, resulting in nine people being seriously injured. That evening, a crowd of several thousand frightened people gathered outside the clinic and “voice[d] their desire to leave the town”. Residents of nearby villages continued to pour into town, reporting that their villages were being burned by the advancing Bosnian Serb Forces.
During the course of the day, DutchBat received an ultimatum from the Bosnian Serb Forces which stated that since DutchBat had not been disarming the Bosnian Muslims, the VRS would do it, and DutchBat would be permitted to leave the enclave through OP Papa, along with the civilian population, if they left their equipment and weapons behind. Franken transmitted the text of the ultimatum to the Bravo Company commander, along with the UN’s response: an order to the Bosnian Serb Forces to withdraw to the 1993 borders of the enclave as of 6 a.m. on 11 July 1995 or face the threat of “massive air attacks.
On the evening of 10 July, the VRS attempted to enter Srebrenica town but was repelled by ABiH as well as DutchBat fire from the blocking positions. DutchBat’s blocking positions remained under fire and the “massive shelling” of Srebrenica town—including the Bravo Company compound—continued. Members of international humanitarian organisations stationed in Srebrenica appealed to their colleagues in their offices in Belgrade, Zagreb, and Sarajevo for help. Some civilians began to move towards Potočari, but were stopped by members of the Muslim Forces in Srebrenica, who asked them to return to the town.
At 8:15 p.m., Janvier attempted to contact Mladić but was only able to reach Tolimir. When Janvier asserted that the Bosnian Serb Forces were attacking DutchBat’s positions, Tolimir replied that he would check the information on the ground and asked Janvier to call back 20 or 30 minutes later. In a subsequent conversation, Tolimir told Janvier that DutchBat had opened fire on Bosnian Serb Forces, who could not withdraw before combat activities ended. Janvier replied that DutchBat had been ordered to hold their positions and to defend themselves if anyone tried to take their weapons. Tolimir then stated that he would check the information with the battalion commander and that he and Janvier should talk again. In a third conversation at 10:30p.m., Tolimir reported that combat operations had stopped, and agreed to speak to Gobilliard in Sarajevo on the following day.
That night, the DutchBat Commander, Thomas Karremans, and DutchBat soldiers Pieter Boering and Albert Rave held a meeting with the Bosnian Muslim military and civilian authorities, many of whom were armed, at the PTT building in Srebrenica.16995 There, Karremans informed the Bosnian Muslim authorities about UNPROFOR’s ultimatum to the Bosnian Serb Forces.
Karremans also conveyed an ultimatum from the Bosnian Serb Forces “that they would like the Muslims to leave the enclave” within 48 hours in exchange for being given safe passage out. After the meeting, many of the armed men remained outside in the vicinity of the PTT building and left the town in a northwestern direction. By the following morning, the Muslim Forces in Srebrenica had disappeared from the town. During the night of 10 to 11 July, the town, as well as OP Hotel, were shelled frequently. At 1 a.m., one of the DutchBat soldiers who had been at a blocking position reported that he had seen the VRS entering the houses, shooting, and then burning them.