The Bosnian Muslim men and boys were separated by members of the Bosnian Serb Forces and taken to the White House. There was a lot of fear among the males and the family they were leaving behind. As Bosnian Muslim men protested against their separation from their families, Janković told them they had no reason to be concerned and that “everything would be all right”. He also said that the men would join their families later. Armed VRS soldiers of the 10th Sabotage Detachment and the 65th Protection Regiment forced the males to leave their personal belongings, which were piled about 30 to 40 metres from the White House alongside the road.The belongings included the men’s ID cards, the money they had in their pockets, their wallets, luggage, clothing, and other valuables.
At the very moment the transportation of women, children, and the elderly started, Mladić told Franken that he wanted to interrogate the men aged between about 16 and up to 60, as they were potential soldiers, and to check “whether there were war criminals”. Rave asked Mladić about the separation of Bosnian Muslim men, to which Mladić responded that the VRS was trying to find out if there were soldiers among the men; if so they would be separated, be made POWs, brought to a prison camp in the vicinity of Bijeljina, and exchanged for Bosnian Serb POWs. On 13 July, Rutten and his colleague were able to enter the house, and saw what looked like an “interrogation room”, although they could not enter the room as members of the Bosnian Serb Forces threatened them with weapons. The rooms upstairs were filled with around 50 Bosnian Muslim men aged between 45 and 55, and some boys around 12 to 14 years-old. Later on, Rutten went to the White House again while he was waiting for the last buses carrying the Bosnian Muslim civilians to leave; the house itself and the balcony were completely filled with Bosnian Muslim males;they were about 300. There was total fear on their faces.
On July 13th, members of the Dutch Battalion ordered all refugees to leave the hall and head toward the main gate of the UN compound. Armed Dutch soldiers were tasked with sending refugees off base by erecting a makeshift plastic-lane track on the carriages from this door to the main gate. The track was about one meter wide, with armed Dutch soldiers standing on either side, directing refugees toward the base exit. Members of the Bosnian Serb army and police stood at the exit alongside Dutch soldiers, and began separating the men and boys from the women and children as they exited the base.
On 13 July 1995, DutchBat officers Rutten, Koster, and Van Schaik were patrolling near a blockade created out of four DutchBat APCs in Potočari.There, the three officers heard from their Bosnian Muslim interpreter of rumours concerning men having been killed “near a well, near the road, on the Budak side” of Potočari. Directed by a local woman, the three officers walked up a dirt road towards a small stream until they reached a meadow located behind a house, approximately 80 or 100 metres southwest of the White House.As they entered the meadow, they saw nine men, all about 45 to 55 years old, in civilian clothes, lying on the ground. They had all been shot, with bullet holes from small calibre weapons in their backs at heart level. Rutten could see that the men had been shot recently, as their bodies were still warm, without flies, and with blood still flowing from their wounds. According to Rutten, the bodies did not appear to have been moved.The DutchBat officers concluded that the men were executed. In the night of 13 July 1995 of 25 Bosnian Muslim men who were detained at the Luke School near Tišća and summarily executed in an isolated nearby pasture. On the morning of 13 July, the Bosnian Serb Forces began calling into the woods with a loudspeaker for the members of the column to surrender, telling them that they would be safe, and promising to comply with the Geneva Conventions. However, if they did not surrender, they would be shelled and killed. In particular, along the Bratunac–Konjević Polje Road, members of the Bosnian Serb Forces drove a stolen UNPROFOR APC with a UN flag back and forth, and called on the column to surrender; the Bosnian Serb soldiers wore UN uniforms to deceive the Bosnian Muslims into thinking that they would be provided security upon their capture. A Bosnian Muslim man was ordered to call out to the Bosnian Muslim men in the woods that it was “safe to come to the Serbs”. At about 10 a.m., members of the Bosnian Serb Forces issued an ultimatum through a loudspeaker for the members of the column hiding in the woods to surrender; a second ultimatum was issued around 3 p.m.17492 Members of the column disagreed as to whether to surrender. However, after the second ultimatum, large numbers of Bosnian Muslim men walked down the hill to the asphalt road and surrendered. They were then stripped of their personal belongings. Despite the capture of thousands of Bosnian Muslims from the column on 13 July, it was reported that approximately 3,000 to 4,000 men succeeded in crossing the Bratunac–Konjević Polje and Konjević Polje–Milići Roads, advancing towards Cerska. Detention of Bosnian Muslim men from the column. On the morning of 13 July, Bosnian Serb Forces obtained information that large numbers of Bosnian Muslim men were either being captured or were surrendering along the road. An intercepted conversation from 13 July at 5:30 p.m. refers to about 6,000 Bosnian Muslims being detained at three locations, with roughly 1,500 to 2,000 men at each of them. According to this intercepted conversation, one of the locations was “the one up there where the checkpoint at the intersection is”, which the Chamber finds to be the Konjević Polje intersection; another one was “the one halfway between the checkpoint and the loading place”, which the Chamber concludes to be the Sandići Meadow, and the third one was expressly referred to as the Kasaba stadium, which the Chamber finds to be the Nova Kasaba football field.
The Sandići Meadow
Is a large open plot of land on the Bratunac–Konjević Polje Road, was approximately one kilometre from the Kravica Warehouse in the direction of Konjević Polje; it was situated opposite from a burnt-out house. Throughout the day on 13 July 1995, Bosnian Muslim men from the column who had either surrendered or been captured after emerging from the woods, were assembled near the Bratunac– Konjević Polje Road. There, members of the Bosnian Serb Forces forced the detainees to drop their belongings into large piles and to hand over their valuables. The men were then forced to cross the road and walk towards the Sandići Meadow, where they were guarded by members of the Bosnian Serb Forces.
Between 900 and 2,000 Bosnian Muslim men from the column were detained at the Sandići Meadow. There was also a group of women and young children. The detainees were ordered to sit in rows, guarded at each end by two members of the Bosnian Serb Forces.The detainees were not given any food but only a small amount of water and a few cigarettes. At some point, some detainees, including children, were allowed to fetch water and to distribute it because many detainees kept fainting due to the heat. In addition, some of the detainees were sprayed with water from a fire truck. Some of the detainees at the meadow were either singled out, taken away, and did not return, or were mistreated by members of the Bosnian Serb Forces. No medical treatment was provided for those who had been previously wounded or injured. Further, during the course of the day, the wounded and injured were taken to a house close to the meadow and later executed. After a change of guards, the detainees were forced to lie down on their stomachs and put their hands above their necks for long periods of time, and to applaud and say, in unison: “Long live the king, long live Serbia”. Also in the afternoon, Mladić arrived at the Sandići Meadow with five or six men in uniform and some journalists who took photographs and recorded the conditions there. Mladić addressed the detainees; he promised they would be safe and exchanged the next day, and informed them that their families had been transported safely to Tuzla. The detainees applauded Mladić and he left five to ten minutes later. Later in the afternoon, the detainees were transported out of the Sandići Meadow; groups of detainees were put on buses or marched towards the Kravica Warehouse, while others were put on trucks and buses and taken to Bratunac town. Throughout the day, other Bosnian Muslim men from the column who had surrendered or been captured were taken to the Nova Kasaba football field. Also in the afternoon, Mladić arrived at the football field in an olive green APC. He insulted and cursed the detainees, and told them that there were special units with dogs covering every inch of the forest to ensure that nobody would be able to cross the Nova Kasaba–Konjević Polje Road. Mladić also told the detainees that they would be given food and water after which “we’ll see whether we send you to Krajina, to Fikret Abdić, or to the Batkovići camp.”At that point, a detainee stood up; soldiers first kicked and hit him with rifle butts before shooting and killing him with a pistol. Mladić witnessed this incident but did not respond in any way. Soon after, Mladić left the football field in the direction of Konjević Polje. After Mladić’s departure, the detainees were ordered into trucks and buses, and were transported to either Bratunac town or Kravica in the early evening, under the escort of members of the MP Battalion. When the detainees tried to pick up their bags from the entrance of the field, they were told that they would not need them any longer.
On13 July 1995 of about 15 Bosnian Muslim men were killed in an isolated area on the bank of the Jadar River.
On 13 July 1995 of approximately 150 Bosnian Muslim men in an area along a dirt road in the Cerska Valley about three kilometres from Konjević Polje.
In the afternoon of 13 July 1995, KDZ063 was ordered to board one of two buses transporting detainees from the Sandići Meadow to the Kravica Warehouse. Upon arriving, members of the Bosnian Serb Forces ordered the detainees to run out of the buses as quickly as possible and enter the warehouse; KDZ063 entered the East Room. The rest of the Bosnian Muslim men at the Sandići Meadow, including KDZ071, were ordered to line up in a column of four and proceed on foot towards the Kravica Warehouse. Members of the 3rd Skelani Platoon were ordered to escort the group of detainees to the warehouse, and were assisted by “several lads from Šekovići”. The detainees were surrounded by the uniformed men armed with automatic rifles, who were placed every five metres along the road. As the detainees reached the Kravica Warehouse, they were ordered to walk past a bus parked in front and to enter the building. KDZ071 was taken to the West Room. Groups of detainees continued to be brought to the warehouse for about two hours, approximately between 3 and 5 p.m. The detainees were guarded by members of the Bosnian Serb Forces—including members of the 3rd Skelani Platoon and members of the Bratunac Brigade—wearing green-multi-coloured uniforms. The members of the 3rd Skelani Platoon formed a semi-circle around the warehouse positioning themselves to the side and behind the building itself. Other members of the Bosnian Serb Forces walked among the detainees, questioning some of them. The men were ordered to surrender all valuables and were given water. Some men were also given cigarettes.Around 5 p.m. the warehouse became so tightly packed that the detainees almost suffocated. According to KDZ063, some time after arriving at the Kravica Warehouse, the Bosnian Serb soldiers guarding the detainees became agitated and angry. Shortly after, intense shooting began outside the warehouse, lasting approximately half an hour. While the shooting was ongoing, the soldiers came in and out of the warehouse and seemed to be in a panic, yelling at the detainees that the Muslims were attacking the soldiers. The detainees panicked and became frightened as they did not know what was happening outside. After the first period of shooting ended, two uniformed men entered the East Room and started shooting at the detainees; five to ten soldiers followed and joined in. While testifying about the way in which the shooting into the warehouse started, KDZ071 explained that, as the last of the Bosnian Muslim detainees entered the West Room, one man protested to a guard that he had nowhere to sit after which the guard opened fire on him. Immediately after that, guards started firing on the other detainees.The Chamber notes that this account differs from KDZ063’s account, but finds that this may be due to a number of reasons such as the fact that KDZ071 and KDZ063 were detained in different rooms, the location of each of these witnesses within each room, and the trauma they were undergoing at the time. As members of the Bosnian Serb Forces entered the warehouse and shot at the detainees with M-84 machine guns and automatic rifles, gunshots were also fired at the doors and windows from outside. In addition to the shooting, a number of hand-grenades were thrown in the warehouse through the windows. The shooting quieted down as the night fell, but continued with breaks throughout the night. By this time, the warehouse was filled with dead bodies. Moans and shouts from people could be heard during the breaks in the shooting.Those who tried to escape through the main door or windows were also killed by members of the Bosnian Serb Forces.In the morning of 14 July, members of the Bosnian Serb Forces called out for the wounded inside the warehouse to come out, assuring them that they would be picked up by the ICRC and taken to the hospital for treatment.The wounded came out and were ordered to sing Serb nationalistic songs together for about half an hour, until bursts of fire were heard; no voice was heard thereafter. The members of the Bosnian Serb Forces continued firing single shots to kill further survivors. While shooting at the only survivors, the soldiers continued to make derogatory remarks about their “Turkish mothers” and their “Islam tribe”. More than 1300 men and boys were killed.
Throughout 13 July 1995, the Bosnian Muslim men who had been separated from the women, children, and the elderly and detained in the White House at Potočari were transported to Bratunac town. On 13 July, Bosnian Muslim men from the column who were held at the various detention sites along the Bratunac–Konjević Polje–Milići Road after having surrendered to, or having been captured by, members of the Bosnian Serb Forces were also transported to Bratunac town. Bosnian Muslim men transported to Bratunac town were detained in the Vuk Karadžić School and the hangar located behind it. Detainees were also held aboard 80 to 120 buses and trucks parked on the streets of Bratunac town, at sites including outside the Vuk Karadžić School complex, the MUP Headquarters, the municipal building, the Bratunac stadium, and the Vihor Company Garages. Throughout these locations, the Bosnian Muslim detainees were guarded by members of the Bratunac Brigade MP, assisted by members of the MUP.The detainees were held in cramped conditions at the various locations. At least 50 Bosnian Muslim men were killed by members of the Bosnian Serb Forces between 12 and 14 July 1995 inside the Vuk Karadžić School and in the surrounding area.
On the evening of 13 July at approximately 7 p.m., Drago Nikolić called Dragan Obrenović at the Standard Barracks and told him that Popović had just telephoned to inform him that a large number of Bosnian Muslims who were being detained in Bratunac would be transferred to Zvornik to be shot.
At 8:10 p.m., Deronjić spoke to the Accused via an intermediary and informed him that there were 2,000 detainees in Bratunac and that more were expected to arrive during the night.
The conversation unfolded as follows:
I’m waiting for a call to President Karadžić.
Is he there?
B: Yes. : Hello! Just a minute, the duty officer will answer now, Mr. President.
B: Hello! I have Deronjić on line.
: Deronjić, speak up.
D: Hello! Yes. I can hear you.
: Deronjić, the President is asking how many thousands?
D: About two for the time being.
: Two, Mr. President. (heard in the background)
D: But there’ll be more during the night.
[…] D: Can you hear me, President?
: The President can’t hear you, Deronjić, this is the intermediary.
D: I have about two thousand here now by [...]
: Deronjić, the President says: “All the goods must be placed inside the warehouses before twelve tomorrow.”
D: Right. : Deronjić, not in the warehouses over there, but somewhere else.
D: Understood. : Goodbye.
The transportation of detainees from the Bratunac area to Zvornik began on the night of 13 July. That night all refugees made it to Kladanj and were being transported further to Tuzla airport.